Safflower ~ Saffron ~Tinctorius ~ 100+ Seeds
The Safflower is a Mediterranean native. It is one of the oldest crops harvested by humans and was used as a dye by the ancient Egyptians as far back as the 12th dynasty . It’s petals may be used as a substitute for saffron, and the seeds are very popular with birds and are often found in birdseed mixes. It is commercially cultivated for vegetable oil (safflower oil) that is extracted from the seeds. Dried Safflower petals are used in a wide variety of herbal remedies. Safflower oil is also being looked at by the bio-diesel, weight loss, and heart disease prevention experts.
HOW TO GROW...
Test the soil for nitrogen and phosphorus content and incorporate fertilizer with a high nitrogen and phosphorus content into the soil to address low levels if found. Add soil amendments and cultivate the soil deeply to provide the fertile, deep, well-drained soil preferred by safflowers.
Sow the safflower seeds 1 to 1 1/2 inches deep in rows 6 to 10 inches apart when the soil temperature is at least 40 degrees Fahrenheit, in April or May. Expect the seedlings to emerge from the soil in one to three weeks.